As you may know, a black hole is an object with a very destructive force of gravity. Because black holes can swallow even a nearby star. It’s also hard to believe. Because the idea of a large star being swallowed by a black hole is unimaginably amazing. It’s like science fiction.
But astronomers say that during a tindal disruption, stars can form in a black hole. Tindal disruption is when a star is super close to a large black hole. There, the strong gravitational pull of the black hole causes the star’s mass to be pulled into the black hole. It is uniquely known as spaghettification. In that process, a black hole with a strong gravitational pull pulls the star’s mass vertically as it shrinks horizontally. It’s like spaghetti.
Mr. Hawking also said that if an astronaut crossed a black hole and entered, the astronaut would be dragged and fall into the black hole. Scientists have been able to see how a star falls into a supermassive black hole. A rare emission of light from a dying star trapped in a supermassive black hole has been captured by an Earth telescope.
Investigators have been monitoring the incident, known as AT2019qiz, for six months. There, telescopes saw a beam of light suddenly glow and fade away. The observations were made using visible ultraviolet X-rays and wavelengths. The researchers used a very large telescope from the European Space Agency and a state-of-the-art telescope.
It was very difficult to see something like this before. This is because a black hole rapidly releases dust-like matter into space, blocking our orbit when swallowing stars. But this newly studied event was seen shortly before the star was torn to pieces by a black hole. This happened about 250 million light-years from Earth. Therefore, this is considered to be the closest tindal disruption to the Earth.
The nearest star, Alpha Centauri, is about four light-years away. A light-year is the distance light travels in a year. It is approximately 10 trillion kilometers. Therefore, it appears that it takes four years to reach the nearest star, Alpha Centauri, even though light travels fast. We are not even close to the speed of light. So we can’t go near these black holes.
Scientists have observed that the star associated with the swallowing of this black hole is as large as our Sun. Scientists have witnessed the destruction of a star in the middle of black hole millions of times the mass of our Sun. This special event, recorded on a telescope, is a supermassive black hole that will no doubt be of great use to scientists looking to study the behavior of nearby matter in the future.
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